Androgenetic Alopecia is caused by genetic predisposition – the sensitivity of hair follicles containing Androgen Receptors to the male hormone DHT causes the hair follicles to miniaturize, resulting in loss of hair shaft caliber and hair volume and ultimately causing baldness.
Androgenetic Alopecia is passed on via genetics from your ancestors on the father and mother’s side.
A number of other factors also contribute to the final picture, making it a challenging situation.
In Androgenetic Alopecia, the enzyme 5α-reductase facilitates the formation of DHT from the male hormone, Testosterone. The DHT binds with androgen receptors in the hair follicle triggering the process of miniaturization of the affected hair follicles.
Miniaturization is the process whereby hair follicles become smaller causing the hair shaft caliber to diminish and the hair shaft length to get shorter over time.
Eventually the hair will become very thin and small like a vellus hair, then cease to grow and result in an area of baldness.
How To Cure Baldness
There are a number of things you can do to prevent the process of male pattern baldness from progressing, such as changing your diet and using mesotherapy non-surgical treatments and medication.
For more advanced hair loss, you may opt for minimally invasive hair transplant surgery, during which healthy hair follicles are harvested from the donor area of the scalp, and then transplanted into the recipient area.